HISTORY OF YUBA  COUNTY  CALIFORNIA 

by Thompson & West, 1879, with illustrations

Chapter I - Introductory - A Historic County - The Importance of Marysville - Difficulties Encountered in the Preparation of the Work - The Plan - Acknowledgment of Assistance Received - Authorities - pp 19-21

Chapter II - History of California - Discovery - Early Voyagers - Origin of the Name - Establishment of Missions - Discovery of the Bay of San Francisco - Secularization - Revolution - Settlement of Yerba Buena - Russians at Fort Ross - American's Desire for the Possession of California - Blunder of Commodore Jones - Thomas O. Larkin's Efforts to Secure the Territory for the United States - Arrival of Fremont - Acts of the Bear Flag Party - Construction of the Noted Flag - Seizure of Monterey by Commodore Sloat and Yerba Buena by Captain Montgomery - The Mexican War - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo - Subsequent Events - pp 22-24

Chapter III - Indians - Col. J.J. Warner's Account - The Scourge of 1833 - General John Bidwell's Description of its Effects - Theory Regarding its Contraction - Division of the Indians of California - Adam Johnson's Report - Local Indian Tribes in Yuba and Sutter Counties - Characteristics - Features - Dwellings - Hair - Ornaments - Covering - Manner of Gathering Food - Kinds - Preparation for Eating - Water Craft - Weapons - Festivities - pp 24-27

Chapter IV - Trappers - California Valleys Occupied by Trappers in 1820 - Mr. Wm. H. Ashley - Expeditions of Jedediah S. Smith - A Curious Document - Captain B.L.E. Bonneville - The Ewing Young Party - The Story of Indian Peter - Hudson Bay Company's Operations in California - Death of Wm. G. Ray and Withdrawal of the Company from the Territory - pp 27-29

Chapter V - Sacramento District - Brief Sketch of the Life of Captain John A. Sutter - His Settlement at New Helvetia - A Noted Party of Emigrants - Fremont's First Exploration - Arrival of Governor-General Micheltorena - Courtesies Extended by Captain Sutter - Journey to Monterey - Revolution of Native Californians - Insurrectionary Actions of Captain C.M. Webber and His Subsequent Imprisonment at Sutter's Fort - A Curious Document - The Californians Victorious - Appearance of Fremont on His Second Exploration - His Trouble with the Authorities - Attack on the Forces under Lieutenant De Arce - The Mexican War - Arrest and Trial of General Fremont - pp 29-31

Chapter VI - The History of the Donner Party - Scene of the Tragedy - Organization and Composition of the Party - The Departure - Election of George Donner as Captain - Hasting's Cut-off - Rest at Reno - Ascent of the Mountains - Arrival at Donner Lake - Snow Storms - Construction of Cabins - Starvation - "Forlorn Hope Party" - Captain Reasin P. Tucker's Relief Party - The Sufferings at Donner Lake - James F. Reed's Relief Party - "Starved Camp" - The Third Relief Party - Heroism and Devotion of Mrs. George Donner - The Fourth Relief Party - The Survivors - pp 31-32

Chapter VII - Gold Discoveries - Discovery of Gold near San Fernando Mission by Baptiste Rouelle in 1841- Slow Working of the Mines - Visit of Dr. Sandels - His Opinion of the Country in Regard to its Mineral Wealth - His Advice to Captain Sutter - Pablo Gutteirez finds the Precious Black Sand on Bear River - The Necessity of a Batea - Efforts to Secure One - Death of Gutteirez and Abandonment of the Search by General Bidwell - Preparations for the Construction of Sutter's Mill - James W. Marshall the Contractor - The Discovery in the Mill - Race at Coloma - The Credit Due to Captain Sutter - pp 32-33

Chapter VIII - Early Settlements in the Valley - Sutter's Endeavor to Hold the Land Embraced within his Map - Settlements in the Upper Portion of the Valley - Locations Southeast of Sutter's Fort - Murder of Lindsay and Prompt Punishment of the Indians by Sutter and his Forces - pp 33-34

Chapter IX - Settlements in Yuba County to 1848 - Theodore Cordua - Theodore Sicard - Don Pablo Gutteirez - William Johnson and Sebastian Kyser - George Patterson - Charles Roether - Jack Smith - Baptiste Rouelle - An Emigrant Party of Importance - Arrival of the Donner Party - Sketch of the Life of Claude Chana - Settlements in Sutter County - Hock Farm - Nicolaus - pp 34-35

Chapter X - Yuba County in 1848 - Changes in the Settlements - Effect of the Discovery of Gold at Coloma - Circumstances attending the Discovery in Yuba County by Jonas Spect - His journal - Movements of Messrs. Nye and Foster - Biography of Jonas Spect - Arrival of Major S. Cooper and Party - Sketch of the Life of John Rose - Chana and Party Mine on the Yuba River - Election of Alcaldes of the District - Sale of One-half of the Cordua Ranch to Charles Covillaud - pp 35-37

Chapter XI - Yuba County in 1849 - Sale of One-half of Cordua's Ranch by Mr. Covillaud to Michael C. Nye and William Foster - The Name Changed to "Nye's Ranch" - Purchase of a Tract of Land on Yuba River, by Rose, Reynolds, and Kintoch - Election of a Board of Commissioners to Frame a Code of Laws for the District - Adoption of their Report, and Election of Alcalde and Sheriff - The Town of Vernon - The Placer Times - Constitutional  Convention - Table of Delegates from Sacramento District - Camp Far West - Purchase of the Interest of Messrs. Nye and Foster, by Mr. Covillaud - Subsequent Sale of One-half to Theodore Sicard - The Kennebec Company - Appearance of the Ranch in the Last Portion of the Year - Survey Made by Mr. August Le Plonjean - Activity in Real Estate Transactions - Fears Relative to the Validity of the Title - The Name Changed to Yubaville - Settlements on Bear River - Acts of John S. Moore, the Counterfeiter - pp 37-39

Chapter XII - Yuba County in 1850 - Causes for the Growth - Population - Arrival of the Steamer Lawrence - Advertisement for the Sale of Lots in Marysville - Arrival of Mr. Stephen J. Field - The Title Quieted by a Deed from Captain John A. Sutter to Messrs. Covillaud, Ramirez, Sicard and Sampson - First Election of Officers in the Town - Mr. Stephen J. Field Chosen First Alcalde -  The Town Named Marysville - Depredations of Cattle Thieves - Formation of Yuba County by the First Legislature - Downieville - Origin of the Name - Appearance of Marysville in February - Sale of Sicard's Interest to Messrs. R.B. Buchannan and Gabriel N. Swezy - Religious Condition of the People - Condition of Business - Eliza - Election of the First County Officers - The Gold Lake Excitement - The Benefits Attained - Another Similar Excitement - The Marysville Herald Started - Judge Field Elected to the Legislature - Cessation in Steam Navigation to Marysville - Movements Towards Incorporating - The Town of Linda Started - Report of L.W. Taylor, Treasurer, for the Year - pp 39-44

Chapter XIII - Subsequent History of Marysville Township, And Incidentally of Yuba County - Original Boundaries of Yuba County - First Division of County into Townships - Incorporation of the City of Marysville - Election of First Officers - Boundaries of the City - Formation of Nevada County - Mine Discovered on Yuba River at Marysville - Mayor Miles' Proclamation - Second Segregation of County into Townships - Acts Relating to the Incorporation of the City of Marysville - Present Boundaries - Formation of Sierra County - First Election of Officers - Third Division of Yuba County into Townships - Present Townships - Population of the County at Different Periods - Business Interests of Marysville in 1853, and at the Present Time - Table of Brick Structures Erected from 1850 to 1855 - Literary and Musical - Mortality Report for 1852 - Other Items of Interest - pp 44-47

Chapter XIV - Courts and Bar of Yuba County - Introduction of Law into California - The Courts Under the Mexican Law of 1837 - Proclamation of Governor Bennett Riley - Election of Alcaldes at Marysville and Eliza - Courts as Established by the Constitution - Supreme Court - District Court - County Court - Court of Sessions - Probate Court - Recorder's, Mayor's, and Police Courts - Justice's  Court - Courts under the New Constitution - List of Attorneys with Records - pp 47-51

Chapter XV - Field vs. Turner - Appointment of Judge Wm. R. Turner - Mr. Field's Intended Departure for the East - Cause of Delay - Description of a Scene in the Court-room - Arrest and Imprisonment of Mr. Field - Writ of Habeas Corpus before Judge Haun - Messrs. Field, Goodwin and Mulford Expelled from the Bar - Judge Turner Fines and Orders the Imprisonment of the County Judge - An Appeal to the Supreme Court - The Result Satisfactory to the Lawyers - Another Expulsion Ordered - Impeachment Proceedings Against Judge Turner - Compromise Under a Misunderstanding - pp 51-52

Chapter XVI - Churches - The First Religious Services in Marysville - Experiences of Rev. S.V.Blakeslee - First Presbyterian Church - Account of its Formation by Rev. W.W. Brier - Methodist Episcopal Church - St. Joseph's Catholic Church - Church of the Immaculate Conception - First Baptist Church - Union Baptist Church - St. John's Episcopal Church - German Methodist Episcopal Church - Mount Olivet Baptist Church - African Methodist Episcopal Church - pp 52-55

Chapter XVII - Lodges of Marysville - Benefits of Secret Orders - Masons - Marysville Lodge - Yuba Lodge - Corinthian Lodge - Washington Chapter - Marysville Council - Marysville Commandery - Pacific Lodge of Perfection - Masonic Hall Association of Marysville - Masonic Library - F.A.A.Y. Masons - Independent Order of Odd Fellows - Marysville Encampment - Oriental Lodge - Odd Fellows' Hall Association - Odd Fellows' Library - Ancient Order of United Workmen - Improved Order of Red Men - United Ancient Order of Druids - Independent Order B'nai B'rith - Ancient Order of Hibernians - Knights of Pythias - Independent Order of White Men - Ancient Jewish Order Kesher Shel Barsei - Rebecca Lodge - Sons of Temperance - Temple of Honor - Rising Flame Council of Select Templars - Independent Order of Good Templars - Order of Knighthood - pp 55-60

Chapter XVIII - Societies of Marysville - Marysville Pioneer Society - The Agricultural, Horticultural, and Mechanical Society of the Northern District of California - Marysville Library Association - Marysville Turn Verein - Marysville Liederkranz Verein - Marysville Turner Hall - Hebrew Benevolent Society - Marysville Hibernian Benevolent Society - St. Joseph's Church Society - Father Matthew Temperance Society - Marysville Benevolent Association - Yuba Bible Society - Marysville Choral Harmonic Society - Marysville Philharmonic Society - Pacific Brass Band - Marysville Yuba Shooting Club - Military - The Yuba Guards - Marysville Rifles - Marysville Union Guards - Marysville Zouaves - Marysville Light Artillery - Sherman Guards - pp 60-64

Chapter XIX - Marysville Fire Department - Causes which Led to its Organization - The New Steamer - Reorganization of the Department - The Paid Fire Department - Purchase of Two New Steamers - Present Condition of the Department - List of Engineers and Assistants from 1851 to the Present Time - pp 64-66

Chapter XX - Fires - Indifference of the citizens - First Fire, August 31, 1851 - September 10, 1851 - Organization of Mutual Hook and Ladder Company - Their Success - Fire, May 25, 1854 - July 18, 1854 - October 22, 1854 - August, 1856 - November 17, 1871 - September 7, 1879 - Total Loss by Fire - pp 66-67

Chapter XXI - Floods - Indian Tradition of Early Flood - Flood of 1825-26 - 1846-47 - 1849-50 - 1852-53 - New Year's Ball - Scarcity of Provisions in the Mines - March 25, 1853 - Navigating the Streets - Condition of the Country - Great Flood of 1861 - Destruction of Buildings - Heroic Efforts of the Firemen - Steamboats in the Streets - Appearance of the Country - Loss of Property - Loss of Life - January 11, 1862 - December 19, 1866 - Great Flood of January, 1875 - Break in the Levee - Escape of the People - Water in the Houses - Suffering and Necessities of the People - Relief from Outside - Relief Committee Organized - Loss of Life and Property - The Past Season - pp 67-69

Chapter XXII - Manufacturers of Marysville - Marysville as a Manufacturing Center - Bags - Beer - Boots and Shoes - Brick - Brooms - Flour - Foundries - Leather - Marble - Marysville Coal Gas Company - Marysville Woolen Factory - Saddlery - Sash, Doors and Blinds - Soap - Tinware - Union Lumber Company - Wagons - Wine and  Brandy - Total Value of Manufactures - pp 69-72

Chapter XXIII - Amusements - Necessity of Relaxation - Gambling - Attractions of the Gambling Halls - Destructive to Morals - The Round Tent - The El Dorado - The Magnolia - License for Gaming Tables - Raffles - Indictments - The First Entertainment - Music - Acrobatic - Canvas Theater - The First Troupe - Bull and Bear Fight - Hand Organ - Minstrels - Banquets - The Chapman Family - Circus - The Need of a Theater - C.E. Bingham - D Street Theater - Dedication - Seventeen Hundred Dollars for One Seat - Theatrical Stars - Burning of the Theater - A Brick Theater - Destroyed by Fire - Erection of the Present Structure - pp 72-73

Chapter XXIV - Journalism - The Requisites of a Newspaper - Uncertainty of Journalism - Marysville Herald - The California Express - Daily Inquirer - Weekly Spiritualist - Star of the Pacific - Marysville Daily News - Daily National Democrat - Marysville Daily and Weekly Appeal - Evening Telegraph - The North Californian - Marysville Daily Standard - pp 73-75

Chapter XXV - Linda Township - Changes of Township Boundaries - Early Settlers - Linda - The Reasons for its Location - Inauguration of the Town - Eliza - Election of Phil W. Keyser, as Alcalde - Progress and Subsequent Decay - Sand Flat - Ousely's Bar - Agriculture - The Brophy School - Yuba Station - pp 75-76

Chapter XXVI - East and West Bear River Townships - Old Township Divisions - Present Boundaries - Early Settlements - First Efforts in Agriculture - Soil - Barham's Crossing - Trimble's Crossing - Kempton's Crossing - Johnson's Crossing - Town of Kearney - Camp Far West - Wire Bridge - McCourtney's - Graham's Hotel - Melon's Hotel - Cabbage Patch - Round Tent - Plumas Landing - Plumas City - El Dorado City - Reed's Station - McDonald's Distillery - Von Schmidt's Mill - Wheatland - Transfers of Title - Its Growth - Town Government - List of Trustees - Present Business Interests - Financial Exhibit - The Farmer's Bank of Wheatland - Wheatland Flour Mills - Wheatland Recorder - Nicolaus Lodge - Sutter Lodge - Odd Fellows' Hall Association - Wheatland Lodge - Wheatland Grange - Wheatland Hook and Ladder Company - Eureka Hose Company - Independent Fire Company - First Baptist Church - Christian Church - Grace Episcopal Mission - pp 76-82

Chapter XXVII - Rose Bar Township - Changes in Boundaries - Present Limits - Settlement - Interesting Incidents - Industries - Spect's Camp - Rose Bar - Gatesville, or Sucker Flat - Cape Horn - Cordua Bar - Saw Mill Bar - Landers' Bar - Kennebec Bar - Sand Hill - Timbuctoo - Smartsville - Rose Bar Lodge - Fredonia Lodge - Sucker Flat Division - Sons of Temperance - Mountain Guard Lodge - Union Church - Church of the Immaculate Conception - pp 82-86

Chapter XXVIII - Long Bar Township - Early Dimensions - Present Boundaries - Long Bar - Swiss Bar - Brown's Valley - Quartz Mining - Hooker Guards - Prairie Diggings - Sixteen Mile House - Comstock Place - Galena House - Peoria House - Zinc House - Stanfield Hall - Bowers' House - Other Hotels - School House - Religious Services - Agriculture - Cattle - pp 86-87

Chapter XXIX - Parks Bar Township - Changes in Territory - Present Boundaries - Parks Bar in 1848 - Growth of the Bar - The Town in 1852 - Bridges - Sicard Bar-Sicard Flat - Barton's Bar - Malay Camp - Union Bar - Oregon House - Clark Valley Ranch - Frenchtown - McQueen's Saw-Mill - Garden Ranch - Stanfield House - Dry Creek Mill - Virginia Ranch - Bell Valley - Enterprise Mill - Martin Ranch - Golden Bell - Willow Glen House - California House - Schools - pp 87-89

Chapter XXX - New York Township - Old and New Boundaries - Natchez - Dicksburg Quartz Mills - New York House -New York Flat - Ohio and Garden Ranch Flat - Mount Hope - Crane's Sharon Valley Mill - Washington Mill - American Mill - Columbia Mill - Gnaggy Mill - Beaver Ranch - Saw Mill Cottage - Ross Ranch - Hansonville - Brownsville - Knoxdale Institute - Brownsville Lodge - Knoxdale Lodge - Religious Services - Paige's Mill - Union Mill - Jefferson House - Stewart's or White Sulphur Spring House - New York Point - Clayton's Ranch - Washington Mill House - Jack's Ranch - Union Hotel - Challenge Mill - Paulineville - Pike Country House - Ohio Mill - Switzer's or Monitor Mill - Willow Glen - Pennsylvania House - Hedge's House - Plaskett's Mill - Woodville Mill - Stock - Fruit - Roads - Indians - pp 89-92

Chapter XXXI - Foster Bar Township - First Townships - Present Boundaries - Descriptive - Foster Bar - Bullard's Bar - The Bullard Guards - Stoney Bar - Poverty Bar - Horse Bar - Rice's Crossing - Condemn Bar - Frenchman's Bar - Missouri Bar - Negro Bar - Clingman's Point - Mouth of Middle Yuba - English Bar - Vance Wing Dam - Winslow Bar - Kanaka Bar - Long Bar No. 2 - Oregon Bar - Pittsburg Bar - Rock Island Bar - Elbow Bar - Missouri Bar No. 2 - Indiana Ranch - Dobbins' Ranch - Greenville - Mountain Cottage - Keystone Hotel - Maple Springs House - Eagle Bird Hotel - Fountain House - Riverside Hotel - McRuth Place - Benninger's Ranch - Saw Mill - Quartz Mills - Indians - pp 93-96

Chapter XXXII - North East Township - Formation - Present Boundaries - Description - Woodville House - Slate Range Bar - Missouri Bar No. 2 - Buckeye House - Strawberry Valley - Societies - Eagleville - Willow Bar - New York Bar - Yankee Bar - Alabama Bar - Hampshire Mill - Slate Range Bar - Buckeye Mill - Eagle or Challenge Mill - Deadwood Mill - Independence Mill - Climate - pp 96-98

Chapter XXXIII - Slate Range Township - Descriptive - Old Dimensions - Present Boundaries - Camptonville - Camptonville Water Company - Yuba Light Infantry - Gravel Range Lodge - LaFayette Chapter - Ferry Bar - Garden Valley Ranch - Wisconsin House - Junction House - Dad's Gulch - Freeman's Crossing - Galena Hill - Young's Hill - Railroad Hill - Moonshine Creek - Oak Valley - Celestial Valley - Slate Range - Pittsburg Hill - Other Mining Camps - Wood's Point - Saw-Mills - pp 98-101

Chapter XXXIV - Public Schools - Legislative Enactments Relating to Public Schools - Efforts of Professor John Swett - Noted Teachers from Yuba County - Rev. S.V. Blakeslee Opens the First School - Meetings of Citizens to Establish a Public School - The First Public School - The First School House - Number of School Children in 1857 - Changes in the Schools - Erection of New Buildings - The Marysville High School - List of District School Trustees - Private Schools - College of Notre Dame - Knoxdale Institute - pp 101-104

Chapter XXXV - State Reform School - Legislation - Cause of Its Location Near Marysville - The Buildings - Superintendents - Inmates - Benefits - Breaking Up of the Institution - Disposal of Inmates - pp 104-105

Chapter XXXVI - Boundaries of School Districts - Bald Mountain - Bear River - Brophy - Brown's Valley - Buckeye - Clark - Cordua - Dobbins Ranch - Elizabeth - Ella - Greenville - Hansonville - Honcut - Indiana Ranch - Junction - Linda - Long Bar - Lone Tree - Marysville - McDonald - Mill Creek - New York - Oak Valley - Oregon House - Peoria - Plumas - Prairie House - Rose Bar - Sharon Valley - Slate Range - Spring Valley - Strawberry Valley - Virginia - Yuba - pp 105-107

Chapter XXXVII - Navigation - Primitive Vessels - Difficulties Attending Early Navigation - Vernon Supposed to be the Head of Navigation - The Linda Arrives at Marysville - The Lawrence Commences Regular Trips - Advent of the Governor Dana - Steam Navigation Suspended for Three Months in 1850 - The Marysville - The Miner - The Confidence - The Wilson G. Hunt - Removal of the Snags in Feather River - Other Steamers on the Rivers - A Sloop Built on Feather River near Yuba City - California Steam Navigation Company - Citizen's Steam Navigation Company - The Sharp Rivalry - Compromise - The Present Line of Steamers - pp 107-110

Chapter XXXVIII - Transportation - Early Methods - Pack Trains - "Prairie Schooners" - Pack Trains in 1853 - Early Lines - California Stage Company - First Officers - Other Lines - Nevada Plank Road - Engineer's Report - Failure of the Project - Railroads - Sacramento Valley R.R. Company - Completion to Folsom - Officers - California Northern R.R. Company - Bonds - Officers - California Central R.R. Company - Track Laid to Marysville - Oregon Division C.P.R.R. - Business 1878 - California Pacific R.R. Company - Bonds - Competition - Error in Construction - Express - List of Companies - Wells, Fargo & Company - Shipment of Treasure - pp 110-112

Chapter XXXIX - Public Works - Bridges - Old Structures - Hanson Bridge - Feather River Free Bridge - Yuba River Bridge - Simpson Bridge - Yuba River Free Bridge - Park's Bar Bridge - Bridges in 1858 - 1850 Court House - Jail of 1851 - Purchase of the St. Charles Hotel - Erection of the present Court House - The City Hospital of 1853 - French Hospital - The County Hospital - City Hall - Powder Magazine - pp 112-113

Chapter XL - Levees - The First Levee in Marysville in 1862 - The Great Levee in 1868 - Subsequent Repairs - Flood of 1875 - The New Levee of 1876 - Creation of a District - Expense of Construction - Issuance of Bonds - Names of Commissioners - Bear River Levee District No. 1 - Extent - Character of the Work - Names of the Commissioners - pp 113-114

Chapter XLI - Lands and Titles - The Right to the Land - Transfers - Disputes in Regard to Titles - Extract from the "Annals of San Francisco" - Action of Congress - The Land Commission - Extract from Hittell's Appropriations Made for Settling Land Claims - Edwin M. Stanton Sent to San Francisco as Special Council for the Government - Sutter's Grants - Squatter Troubles in Marysville - Railroad Lands - Public Lands - U.S. Land Office of Marysville District - List of Officers - Report of Business Transacted from January 1, 1878 to December 31, 1878 - pp 114-117

Chapter XLII - The County Officials - Elections - Explanatory Notes in Reference to the Changes in Names, Number and Duties of Office - No Record of Early Votes - Result of Presidential, Gubernatorial, and Congressional Elections - pp 117-121

Chapter XLIII - Financial - City of Marysville - Early City Bonds - Table of City Bonds - County Debt Bonds of 1853-1857 - Railroad Bonds - Summary of Expense of Borrowed Money - Table of County Bonds - Table of County Receipts and Expenditures - County Assessment Roll - pp 122-123

Chapter XLIV- Crimes and Punishments - Tendency of Uncurbed Society -  Early Methods of Dealing With Crime - Vigilance Committee - Their Acts - Crimes - Plummer W. Thurston - Case of George Rowe - Attack on Yuba City Indians - The Burdue Case - Murders - Killing of Dasher by Shattuck - Wholesale Murders - The Tanner Case - Robberies - Highway Robberies - Joaquin Murietta - Tom Bell - Description of his Person and Acts - Jim Webster - Duels - Field and Barbour - A Mock Duel in Camptonville - pp 124-128

Chapter XLV - General Description - Shape, Area and Extent of California - Mountains - Rivers - Topography of Yuba County - Boundaries - Soil - Average Value of Land -  Rainfall - Seasons - pp 128-129

Chapter XLVI - Elections - (Combined with Chapter XLII)

Chapter XLVII - Agriculture - Character of the Soil in the Old River Bottoms - Early Efforts in Agriculture - Rise of that Industry - The First Crop in Yuba County - Status of Agriculture in 1846 - Primitive Methods and Implements for Tilling the Soil and Harvesting the Products - Later Attempts at Farming - I.E. Brown's Hay Crop - Improvements in Farming Implements - Attempts in Horticulture - The First Orchard - Later Successful Fruit Growers - pp 129-132

Chapter XLVIII - Mining - Location of Leads - Coyote or Hill Diggings - Surface Diggings - Wet Surface Diggings -  Fluming - Drift Gold - Prospecting - Panning - The Cradle - Water - Sluices and Riffles - Quick-silver - Tailings - Character of the Miner - Nomenclature - Condition of Society - Chinese - Indians - Rich Diggings - Yuba River Gold Dredging Company - River and Placer Mining - Traders, etc - Prices of Goods - Mining Laws - Hydraulic Mining - Quartz Mining - Mining Ditches - Mining Debris - Damage on Yuba and Bear Rivers - Suit by the City of Marysville - pp 132-137

Chapter XLIX ~ Generalities - Hotels - The Old Adobe - United States - City - Hotels in 1851 - List of Hotels - Western House - Golden Eagle - United States - California State Telegraph Company - Northern Telegraph Company - Atlantic and Pacific Telegraph Company - Western Union Telegraph Company - Warehouses - pp 137-138

Miscellaneous - Report of Schools for 1878-9, p 139 - Business Directory of selected areas, pp 140-144 - Legislative History, p 145 - Early Settlements in California, pp 146-147 - Description of California in 1835, pp147-149 - Governors of California from 1767-1878, p149 - Altitude of Points Visible from Mt. Diablo, p149 - Altitude of Mountains and Waterfalls of Yosemite, p149 - Official Vote of California 1876, p150 - Financial and Commercial Statistics, p150 - Area of California, p150 - Size and Population Compared, p150 - Native and Foreign Population, p150.

Illustrations - see Photo Section

Maps - see Map Section

(Kathy's note on transcriptions of above chapters:  Please know that I in no way condone or am in agreement with the extremely negative way that the People of Turtle Island, or First Nations People, were represented in this book.  I made a commitment to transcribe the entire work, so that is what was done.  The authors' opinions are not mine.)

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